Cristoforetti has completed her High School studies in Trento, Italy.
In 1995 Cristoforetti spent one year as an exchange student in St. Paul, Minnesota, USA and attended Space Camp (Advanced Space Academy) in Huntsville, Alabama.
In 2001 she graduated from the Technical University of Munich ,Germany with a Master's degree in Mechanical Engineering with specialization in Aerospace Propulsion and Lightweight Structures.
As part of her studies she spent four months at the SUPAERO -École Nationale Supérieure de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace- in Toulouse, France, working on an Aerodynamics project
Cristoforetti wrote her thesis on Solid Rocket Propellants during an 11-month-research project at the Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology ,in Russia.
In 2001 Cristoforetti enters the University Federico II of Naples, the Air Force Military Academy of Pozzuoli ,served as class leader and awarded the the Sword of Honour for the best academic performance.
In 2005 she graduated from Air Force Military Academy in Aeronautical Sciences, becoming one of the first women to be an officer fighter pilot in the Italian Air Force.
Cristoforetti knows English, Italian, German, Russian, French and is studying Chinese.